As the public becomes more aware of environmental issues and global warming, consumers are asking more questions about the products they purchase. This has resulted in a growing number of companies considering the move to green supply chain management (GSCM) and integrating environmental thinking into their supply chain management.
“Many companies are concerned that changing their established processes and implementing a green supply chain could result in lower quality products, delayed shipments, or even a loss of business,” explained Dr. Sachin K. Mangla of the Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee and Graphic Era University – Dehradun.
“Going green” can be a complex transition from an operational perspective, and not all companies are convinced that improved environmental performance will lead to financial gains. As green supply chain (GSC) considerations typically introduce different operational activities and processes to the supply chain, they also create new uncertainties and risks which can have a significant impact on a manufacturing-based business.
Dr. Sachin K. Mangla with Graphic Era University-Dehradun used Palisade risk analysis software @RISK to identify and evaluate the operational risks of implementing a GSC for a well-established plastic manufacturing company in India. The results generated a wide variety of possible risk scenarios, as well as associated probabilities. “@RISK enabled us to not only predict the type of risks that could happen, but also anticipate what risks were most likely to happen,” said Mangla. “This enabled us to create a model that provides companies with visibility into the potential ecological-economic gains of a green supply chain, as well as recommendations to best manage the operational risks.”